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An Astonishing Link Between AI And The Fascinating Nature Of Your Mind
This hypothesis
is unique
in accounting for the striking speed of human intuition; 
in offering simple new routines to control the mind; in revealing insights into the future of AI.  Where does the mind store its treasure trove of knowledge?  How does it retrieve solutions to topical problems from this almost infinite store?  These proposed explanations have been gathering millions of page views from around the world.  The 1989 beginning of this exciting mission was a revealing insight from a Prolog AI Expert System.  The Expert System could diagnose one out of 8 diseases hinged on the user entering answers to a long string of questions.  In contrast, a doctor could identify a disease out of 8000, without questions, with just a glance.  This is an unconventional hypothesis.  The idea stems from a single "Aha!" moment. That happened when the Expert System flashed its light on a single brilliant algorithm, which could be the secret behind the ability of the mind to recognize and act on a perceived pattern in milliseconds.

The Prolog Expert System could diagnose 8 diseases, which shared 13 symptoms. It used an algorithm, a step by step procedure, for the diagnosis. Out of curiosity, I began testing an alternate algorithm in a spreadsheet.  Its first step was to SELECT all diseases WITH a particular symptom. Contrary to my plan, the algorithm would DELETE all diseases WITHOUT the symptom. That reverse was caused by a chance double twist in its "if/then" logic.

So, when I clicked "Yes" for one particular symptom to test the first step, the spreadsheet DELETED 7 out of the 8 diseases, leaving behind just one disease.  Surprise!  That disease was indicated by that symptom.  In just one leap, it had proffered the correct diagnosis. As with the doctor, it was a split second verdict!  The algorithm had ELIMINATED all diseases without the symptom.  Was selective elimination from a known list the trick used by nature for its intuitions?

Could elimination provide a faster search strategy?  Since elimination shortened the steps, a programmer coded for me a new, more ambitious Expert System.  Instead of 8 diseases, it dealt with 225 eye diseases.  Its algorithm eliminated both irrelevant diseases and their connected questions, for each answer.  The Expert System was presented to a panel of doctors. "It identified Angular Conjunctivitis, without asking a single stupid question," said a doctor. The Expert System was satisfactorily diagnosing all the eye diseases in the textbook!  The algorithm was an impressive AI tool!  The year 1989 catalogued the premises, set out in these pages, explaining how the algorithm could be enabling the mind of a doctor to achieve split second diagnosis.

Could An Amazing Algorithm Have Stunning Control Over Your Mind?
This is what happens when an engineer researches the mind. Way back in 1989, the writer, an engineer, catalogued how the ELIMINATION approach of an AI Expert System could reveal a way by which the nervous system could store and retrieve astronomically large memories.  That historic insight is central to the six irresistible premises presented in this website. 

Behind the scenes, these premises conceal an eye-opening revelation.  About the incredible speed of intuition.  A physician is aware of thousands of diseases and their related symptoms.  How does he note a symptom and focus on a single disease in less than half a second?  How could he identify Disease X out of 8000 diseases with just a glance?  

First, the total born and learned knowledge available to the doctor could not exist anywhere other than as the stored/retrieved data within the 100 billion neurons in his brain.  The perceptions, sensations, feelings and physical activities of the doctor could only be enabled by the electrical impulses flowing through the axons of those neurons.  The data enabling that process could be stored as digital combinations.

Second, combinatorial decisions of neurons cannot be made by any entity other than the axon hillock, which decides the axonal output of each neuron.  The hillock receives hundreds of inputs from other neurons.  Each hillock makes the pivotal neuronal decision about received inputs within 5 milliseconds.  A
xon hillocks could be storing digital combinations.  It could be adding each new incoming digital combination to its memory store.  The hillock could fire impulses, if it matched a stored combination. If not, it could inhibit further impulses.  Using stored digital data to make decisions about incoming messages could make the axon hillocks intelligent.

Third, combinations are reported to enable a powerful coding mode for axon hillocks.  Olfactory combinatorial data is known (Nobel Prize 2004) to store memories for millions of smells.  Each one of 100 billion axon hillocks have around a 1000 links  to other neurons.  The hillocks can mathematically store more combinations than there are stars in the sky. Each new digital combination could be adding a new relationship link.  In this infinite store, specific axon hillocks could be storing all the symptom = disease (S=D) links known to the doctor as digital combinations.

Fourth, instant communication is possible in the nervous system.  Within five steps, information in one hillock can reach all other relevant neurons.  Just 20 Ms for global awareness.  Within the instant the doctor observes a symptom, 
feedback and feed forward links could inform every S=D link of the presence of the symptom. Only the S=D link of Disease X could be recalling the combination and recognizing the symptom.

Fifth, on not recognizing the symptom, all other S=D hillocks could be instantly inhibiting their impulses. The S=D links of Disease X could be continuing to fire. Those firing S=D link would be recalling past complaints, treatments and signs of Disease X, confirming the diagnosis.  This could be enabling axon hillocks to identify Disease X out of 8000 in milliseconds.  Eliminating improbable (unrecognized) prospects to arrive at a possible (recognized in the past) solution powers the powerful inductive logic of the mind!

Worldwide interest in this website acknowledges its rationale. Not metaphysical theories, but processing of digital memories in axon hillocks could be explaining innumerable mysteries of the mind.  Over three decades, this website has been assembling more and more evidence of the manipulation of emotional and physical behaviors by narrowly focused digital pattern recognition.  It has also received over 2 million page views from over 150 countries.

Assume that these 4 things exist and you can visualize the logic of your mind!

Let Us Assume that:

1. The signals between 100 billion neurons carry precise and meaningful combinatorial messages.
2. Axon hillocks of the neurons store and retrieve infinitely large combinatorial memories.
3. Intuition is an algorithm, which retrieves answers from that infinite store within 20 milliseconds.  
4. Intuition acts by inhibiting irrelevancies and so, active emotions inhibit inconvenient thoughts. 

Consider the statement "The purposive choices of actions lead to goals."  Life has proved this statement to be true for millions of years. Therefore it is an axiom, which is self-evidently true. This axiom is true because, purpose driven cellular life survived even the demise of the dinosaurs. Purposive choices by the highest form of cellular life, the mind, precipitated the rise of civilizations and the voyages to planets. But, can a mind, a blob of soft tissue, have purpose?  YES!  The sentient choices of those bundles of excited nerve cells have convincingly demonstrated their purpose. The actions resulting from those choices created untold human health, wealth and prosperity. Assume that the mind has 4 unique functions, which enable purpose driven choices.

1. Assume that combinatorial messages make meaningful choices for nerve cells. Combinations are mathematically potent. Nerve cells are known to either fire (1) or be inhibited (0). A bundle of them can send 00101001..(combinatorial) messages. Assume that when the dendrites of a nerve cell receive such a message, its axon hillock fires (1), to recognize a combination, or (0), when there is no recognition.  Then, on receiving inputs from, say, 100 incoming dendrites, a single axon hillock fires to identify the combination, say, (001001110011...).  In this case, a single axon hillock can store memories of more combinations than all the stars you can see in the night sky!  A Nobel Prize hailed the discovery of such messages. They were reported to enable olfactory cells to identify millions of smells; from the fragrance of an orange to the odor of sweat. Assume that each axon hillock of a nerve cell can recognize an infinity of combinations.

2. Assume that 100 billion axon hillocks set choices by reading infinite memories.  Assume that combinations can represent relationships between millions of functions. In reality, news, money transfers, e-mails, google searches, all, are carried as combinatorial messages. Such messages  convey semantic concepts of objects and events, including a knowledge of geometry, calculus and of cooking. Imagine how many combinatorial relationships can be stored by the 100 billion nerve cells within your nervous system. Imagine the infinity of insights your brain carries from ancient jungle battles and tense committee meetings. Neurons fire, or become inhibited in just 5 milliseconds. With an average of 1000 links each, a mere 4 steps separate one neuron from 100 billion others in the system. Assume that your mind can process its virtually infinite database in less than half a second. 

3. Assume that the secret of intuition is that it is an eliminative search.  Assume that the mind stores memories of the relationships between events and emotions. Assume that intuition is an elimination algorithm, which can inhibit a billion irrelevant relationships to focus the mind on a single pertinent one. Pangs of hunger and petty resentments are inhibited to focus on a snake. In 20 milliseconds, emotions are triggered. Emotions divert focus. Reality dims. System memories of frantic runs through tall grass or of infantile nightmares flash into view. The system prepares to panic. But, the snake is only a garden hose. In under 300 milliseconds, the system inhibits the vast domains of fear. The prefrontal regions (PFR) step in, goes back to mowing the lawn. Elimination is lightning fast. 

4. Assume that when the system triggers emotions, intuition inhibits reason. Fear has relationships to flight behaviors and escape routes, but not to successes in battle. When the system chooses fear, intuition inhibits all irrelevant relationships. Fear inhibits memories of successes in battle. Intuition focuses behavior around an emotion by inhibiting memories of all irrelevant relationships. When the system selects an emotion, large swathes of relevant memories are inhibited. Emotions must be stilled for the global evaluation necessary for common sense.

Assume that these 4 mental functions exist.  You can then sense how the mind recalls a school picnic; how a memory flashes up just when you want it; why angry people become stupid; why only some people have common sense.

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