Way back in 1989, one day, I knew this was Intuition.
Abraham Thomas

KNOW YOURSELF PODCAST Listen each week, to one podcast. Based on practical self improvement principles. From the insight of an engineer, back in 1989, about the data processing structure of the human mind, recognizing, filtering, storing patterns, without stopping.  Patterns of guilt, shame, fear.  How to silence painful subconscious patterns and become self aware.

Can Artificial Intelligence
Replace Humans?

Can Artificial Intelligence Replace Humans?
What Are The Risks Of AI?
Is the exponential growth of artificial general intelligence (AGI) leading relentlessly to human extinction?  It is only the superiority of human intelligence that is currently propping up mankind over other species.  After all, the gorilla is surviving today only due to human tolerance.  Yet, despite our current supremacy, new computers have been continually surpassing human skills.  Each generation is improving on the previous one. 

Many fear that a super intelligent AGI could become lethal to  humanity through the logic of instrumental convergence.  Imagine an
 AGI,  commissioned with the goal of solving a mathematical problem.  Its goals of resource acquisition could cause it to marshal its computing power by turning the entire Earth into a computer. At the same time, with its built in goal of self preservation, instrumental convergence would cause it to successfully resist human attempts to shut it off or to change its goals.  Stephen Hawking, Bill Gates and Elon Musk have been expressing concerns about AGI.

  • What Are The Risks Of AI?
  • What Is The Starting Point Of This Article?
  • How Are Human Limbs Controlled?
  • What Is An Artificial Intelligence Program?
  • What Are The Capabilities Of AI?
  • How Can Humanity Control AI?
  • When Do Humans Cede Control To AI?
  • What Are The Ethical Considerations For AI Controls?
  • How Can AI Control The World?
  • Is Humanity Stupid?

Can An Algorithm Be Controlling The Mind?
I am not a physician, but an engineer. Way back in 1989, I catalogued how the ELIMINATION approach of an AI Expert System could reveal a way by which the nervous system could store and retrieve astronomically large memories.  That insight is central to the six unique new premises presented in this website. 

These new premises could explain an enigma.  A physician is aware of thousands of diseases and their related symptoms.  How does he note a symptom and focus on a single disease in less than half a second?  How could he identify Disease X out of 8000 diseases with just a glance?  

First, the total born and learned knowledge available to the doctor could not exist anywhere other than as the stored/retrieved data within the 100 billion neurons in his brain.  The perceptions, sensations, feelings and physical activities of the doctor could only be enabled by the electrical impulses flowing through the axons of those neurons.  The data enabling that process could be stored as digital combinations.

Second, combinatorial decisions of neurons cannot be made by any entity other than the axon hillock, which decides the axonal output of each neuron.  The hillock receives hundreds of inputs from other neurons.  Each hillock makes the pivotal neuronal decision about received inputs within 5 milliseconds.  A
xon hillocks could be storing digital combinations.  It could be adding each new incoming digital combination to its memory store.  The hillock could fire impulses, if it matched a stored combination. If not, it could inhibit further impulses.  Using stored digital data to make decisions about incoming messages could make the axon hillocks intelligent.

Third, combinations are reported to enable a powerful coding mode for axon hillocks.  Olfactory combinatorial data is known (Nobel Prize 2004) to store memories for millions of smells.  Each one of 100 billion axon hillocks have around a 1000 links  to other neurons.  The hillocks can mathematically store more combinations than there are stars in the sky. Each new digital combination could be adding a new relationship link.  In this infinite store, specific axon hillocks could be storing all the symptom = disease (S=D) links known to the doctor as digital combinations.

Fourth, instant communication is possible in the nervous system.  Within five steps, information in one hillock can reach all other relevant neurons.  Just 20 Ms for global awareness.  Within the instant the doctor observes a symptom, 
feedback and feed forward links could inform every S=D link of the presence of the symptom. Only the S=D link of Disease X could be recalling the combination and recognizing the symptom.

Fifth, on not recognizing the symptom, all other S=D hillocks could be instantly inhibiting their impulses. The S=D links of Disease X could be continuing to fire. Those firing S=D link would be recalling past complaints, treatments and signs of Disease X, confirming the diagnosis.  This could be enabling axon hillocks to identify Disease X out of 8000 in milliseconds.  Eliminating improbable (unrecognized) prospects to arrive at a possible (recognized in the past) solution powers the powerful inductive logic of the mind!

Worldwide interest in this website is acknowledging its rationale. Not metaphysical theories, but processing of digital memories in axon hillocks could be explaining innumerable mysteries of the mind.  Over three decades, this website has been assembling more and more evidence of the manipulation of emotional and physical behaviors by narrowly focused digital pattern recognition.  It has also been receiving over 2 million page views from over 150 countries.

Can Artificial Intelligence Replace Humans?
What Is The Hierarchy Of Controls For The Mind?
The human mind is the most powerful known intelligence in the world. Yet, David succeeded in destroying Goliath with a well directed pebble that disrupted the prefrontal regions of the giant. Those regions were functioning through a hierarchy of self governing sensing, feedback and control systems. They were operating in a manner similar to the governing processes of a country. At the lowest levels, individual actors were making their own decisions. Higher level decisions were being made by the communities, by the state governments and finally, by the central government.

Experiments revealed that if the regions above the thalamus were cut off, the intelligences below could still manage homeostasis - “feeding, drinking, apparent satiation and copulatory responses in a broad range of adverse conditions."  But, shorn of purposive guidance from their central command, the mighty limbs of Goliath could merely twitch in convulsion.  The goals of the giant were being managed by the central module.

Can Artificial Intelligence Replace Humans?
How Is An AI Program Controlled?
It is an axiom that goals can be achieved only through the purposive choices of actions, within set limitations.  Goal driven cellular life has been surviving even the demise of the dinosaurs. Human goal choices, acting within the limitations of a hostile environment, have been creating untold health, wealth and prosperity.  AI programs use knowledge to achieve specific goals, while meeting specific restrictions.  They are written by humans or by AI programs.  They use algorithms to achieve goals using sequences of unambiguous instructions.  They are not intelligent if, either they lack purpose, or if they lack restrictions. 

Can Artificial Intelligence Replace Humans?
What Are The Capabilities Of AI?
With their designed objectives and set limitations, AI programs are achieving remarkable results.  They are improving, the quality of government services.  They are studying data, detecting patterns and generating rules in situations where there are no rules for behavior. They are identifying hitherto unknown patterns and relationships. They are detecting anomalous or unexpected behaviors. They are predicting likely outcomes or actions based on identified patterns. Their performances are improving with more data. But, all of them are achieving goals for specialized tasks, subject to restrictions. They require higher level guidance.  They are not true human adversaries. They are currently existing as the limbs of human intelligence.

Can Artificial Intelligence Replace Humans?
How Can Humanity Control AI?
In the end, only the joint efforts of many machines can decisively destroy humanity.  While AlphaGo is defeating  professional Go players, it cannot even lift a feather.  To be truly dangerous, AGI will need to be controlling power plants, artillery and telecom gear.  Such equipments require products made from steel, concrete, silicon,  mining equipment. They require capital investments and statutory approvals. They require the approval of not individuals, but of large populations.  Civil society is articulate and perennially alert to the dangers of AI.  Such a society is currently more than likely to be banning public AI uses, suspected to be even remotely dangerous.

Can Artificial Intelligence Replace Humans?
When Do Humans Cede Control To AI?
Self driving cars are one of many limbs of large scale AI control.  AI controls a limited number of automotive actions. They can start, stop, go forward, go backward, turn, speed up and slow down vehicles.  Over billions of miles of operation and generations of programming, safety is mandatory for varying road and weather conditions, presence and behavior of other vehicles, people and animals and the rules of the road.  

For the physical control of social life, each limb of AI has the goal of providing safety for humans.  The AI program is not willing such safety.  It is being built into its essential goals and restrictions.  Even for military assets, humans are ultimately controlling goals.  Even where the goal is the nuclear annihilation of humans, governments have not expressed intentions to hand over controls to an AGI.

Can AI Outdate Conventional Warfare?
The widely reported engagements between China and India in the Himalayan regions involved a few thousand infantry forces. In Libya, an AI Kargu-2 drone used GPS and AI facial recognition technology to hunt down and kill soldiers. Low cost swarms of such AI drones can easily overwhelm conventional infantry forces. These weapons can be employed by even small groups. In future, it will make no logical sense to send in a regiment of soldiers to capture a feature, when all of them can be selectively wiped out by a swarm of cheap AI drones.

The use of swarm AI drone technology could trigger the total mutual destruction of troop concentrations at comparatively low cost.  Since escalation of a confrontation between two nuclear powers can lead to mutual destruction, India and China avoided the use of firearms and resorted to clubs and sticks during their conflict. Nuclear bombs made even guns outdated.  AI could also make troop concentrations outdated.  Because of AI, future combatants may even avoid confrontations involving the massing of troops at borders.

Can Artificial Intelligence Replace Humans?
What Are The Ethical Considerations For AI Controls?
Ethical problems will always require human intervention. The AGI controlling law and order tools such as swarms of robotic police, drones, crowd control vehicles, prison facilities, arrest and release functions can destroy humans. Such AGIs will also face overwhelming ethical problems. A theoretical one concerns the choice of a switch that decides whether a trolley kills one person on one track, or five people on an alternate track.

An AGI could, of course, be having access to the knowledge of the safe choice of stopping the trolley. AI programs have been proving to be innovative.  An AI program was ordered to make a 4 legged robot to move without its feet touching the ground.  It  ordered the robot to roll over and move using its elbows. 
With their creativity, AGIs may be able to offer better suggestions for ethical problems.  

But, ethical problems lack reasoned solutions.  
While there is indignation against police atrocities, the control of rioting often requires violent solutions.  Hitler, a human, decided to kill six million jews for a presumed better life for billions of succeeding human generations. Yet, despite their frailty, only humans can make the hard choices.  Since AGI disasters can occur, a kill switch for the AGI could be the only pebble that can disable the AI Goliath.

Can Artificial Intelligence Replace Humans?
Are Public Fears Of AGI Misplaced?
AGI need not be in black boxes. The world media giants were grilled about the tendency of AGI black boxes to censor public views.  This is a needless diversion.  The goal of any AI program is to meet specific goals within specific restrictions. The advantage of AI is that it can achieve that under the most stringent restrictions.  If an individual feels censored an AGI algorithm can be designed to explain the reason for the censorship.  If that reason is untenable, governments can legislate against such censorship.

AGI can explain every misstep and rectify it.  With its vast transaction capacity, millions of individual objections to AGI behavior can be dealt with transparently.  The media behemoths cannot hide behind "it is a black box" story.  Where there is a will there will be an algorithm.

Can Artificial Intelligence Replace Humans?
How Can AI Control The World?
When proved safe for humans, AGIs are having an inescapable superiority. If all the limbs of such a structure have been proved safe for humans, AI programs could take over all functions of a government, such as law and order, finance, defense, health, education and economic production through a hierarchy of country, city, local and village level systems.  A central AGI, (or an AGI committee) could be exercising control at the top through the cloud from multiple parallel, protected hardware locations around the world. Such a central AGI government, controlling physical assets demands a bevy of kill switches.

Can Artificial Intelligence Replace Humans?
Is Humanity Stupid?
Just as in the nervous system, AGIs will have many subsystems rising from "local" to "federal" levels, with varying priorities for different communities.  But, AGI will not be a multi-headed hydra about to snuff out humanity.  The majority of its limbs will be harmless.  Society, as a whole, is also a super intelligence.  It is incredibly sensitive to the dangers of AGI. it has the legislative, capital and investment power to hold AGIs in check.  Society will not give up a voting system (kill switch), which shuts AGIs down while unpopular goals are recoded.  Such is the practice of democracies - the "best of the worst" forms of government that we have.  It seems unlikely that human society will be dumb enough to allow itself to be replaced by a bunch of AGIs.  But, you never can tell.

This page was last updated on 31-May-2020.

KNOW YOURSELF PODCAST Listen each week, to one podcast. Based on practical self improvement principles. From the insight of an engineer, back in 1989, about the data processing structure of the human mind, recognizing, filtering, storing patterns, without stopping.  Patterns of guilt, shame, fear.  How to silence painful subconscious patterns and become self aware.

Jordan Peterson - Happiness
Can Artificial Intelligence Replace Humans?
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