How Life And Consciousness May Lead Nowhere
Biocentrism Is Life and Consciousness The Foundation?
Should science search for a Theory of Everything among the laws of physics, or within the mysteries of life and consciousness? Robert Lanza presents biocentrism as the key to this question, which will focus on life and consciousness (the conscious observer?) to ultimately solve the major riddles of science. With the focus of biocentrism on life and consciousness for an all-embracing theory of the cosmos, Lanza may be chasing a rabbit trail.
Life, which evolved from biochemistry, struggles to exist on a minor planet in the vastness of the cosmos. And, conscious observation remains the byproduct of a purely physical neural pattern recognition process, inextricably linked to nerve cell processes. The competencies of consciousness reduce directly in proportion to the destruction of the related nuclei. Neither does consciousness have any verifiable links into cosmic mysteries. It can no more provide an explanation of quantum physical theories of the universe than a camera, which photographs the skies.
research into consciousness lead to solutions to the major riddles of
suggests that the cosmos is a mental construct observed by
200 exact physical parameters necessary for life appear within the
laws of physics, because it was central to the long sought Theory
mechanics suggests that measurement at the quantum level affects the
the competencies of consciousness are managed by the nervous system.
awareness may be an "emerging property."
merely mirrors the pattern recognition activities of the brain.
final analysis received by consciousness is not the source of the
disappears, when the neurons die. The transient mirror is not the
An Astonishing Link Between AI And The Fascinating Nature Of Your Mind
This hypothesis is unique in accounting for the striking speed of human intuition; in offering simple new routines to control the mind; in revealing insights into the future of AI. Where does the mind store its treasure trove of knowledge? How does it retrieve solutions to topical problems from this almost infinite store? These proposed explanations have been gathering millions of page views from around the world. The 1989 beginning of this exciting mission was a revealing insight from a Prolog AI Expert System. The Expert System could diagnose one out of 8 diseases hinged on the user entering answers to a long string of questions. In contrast, a doctor could identify a disease out of 8000, without questions, with just a glance. This is an unconventional hypothesis. The idea stems from a single "Aha!" moment. That happened when the Expert System flashed its light on a single brilliant algorithm, which could be the secret behind the ability of the mind to recognize and act on a perceived pattern in milliseconds.
The Prolog Expert System could diagnose 8 diseases, which shared 13 symptoms. It used an algorithm, a step by step procedure, for the diagnosis. Out of curiosity, I began testing an alternate algorithm in a spreadsheet. Its first step was to SELECT all diseases WITH a particular symptom. Contrary to my plan, the algorithm would DELETE all diseases WITHOUT the symptom. That reverse was caused by a chance double twist in its "if/then" logic.
So, when I clicked "Yes" for one particular symptom to test the first step, the spreadsheet DELETED 7 out of the 8 diseases, leaving behind just one disease. Surprise! That disease was indicated by that symptom. In just one leap, it had proffered the correct diagnosis. As with the doctor, it was a split second verdict! The algorithm had ELIMINATED all diseases without the symptom. Was selective elimination from a known list the trick used by nature for its intuitions?
Could elimination provide a faster search strategy? Since elimination shortened the steps, a programmer coded for me a new, more ambitious Expert System. Instead of 8 diseases, it dealt with 225 eye diseases. Its algorithm eliminated both irrelevant diseases and their connected questions, for each answer. The Expert System was presented to a panel of doctors. "It identified Angular Conjunctivitis, without asking a single stupid question," said a doctor. The Expert System was satisfactorily diagnosing all the eye diseases in the textbook! The algorithm was an impressive AI tool! The year 1989 catalogued the premises, set out in these pages, explaining how the algorithm could be enabling the mind of a doctor to achieve split second diagnosis.
Could An Amazing Algorithm Have Stunning Control Over Your Mind?
This is what happens when an engineer researches the mind. Way back in 1989, the writer, an engineer, catalogued how the ELIMINATION approach of an AI Expert System could reveal a way by which the nervous system could store and retrieve astronomically large memories. That historic insight is central to the six irresistible premises presented in this website.
Behind the scenes, these premises conceal an eye-opening revelation. About the incredible speed of intuition. A physician is aware of thousands of diseases and their related symptoms. How does he note a symptom and focus on a single disease in less than half a second? How could he identify Disease X out of 8000 diseases with just a glance?
First, the total born and learned knowledge available to the doctor could not exist anywhere other than as the stored/retrieved data within the 100 billion neurons in his brain. The perceptions, sensations, feelings and physical activities of the doctor could only be enabled by the electrical impulses flowing through the axons of those neurons. The data enabling that process could be stored as digital combinations.
Second, combinatorial decisions of neurons cannot be made by any entity other than the axon hillock, which decides the axonal output of each neuron. The hillock receives hundreds of inputs from other neurons. Each hillock makes the pivotal neuronal decision about received inputs within 5 milliseconds. Axon hillocks could be storing digital combinations. It could be adding each new incoming digital combination to its memory store. The hillock could fire impulses, if it matched a stored combination. If not, it could inhibit further impulses. Using stored digital data to make decisions about incoming messages could make the axon hillocks intelligent.
Third, combinations are reported to enable a powerful coding mode for axon hillocks. Olfactory combinatorial data is known (Nobel Prize 2004) to store memories for millions of smells. Each one of 100 billion axon hillocks have around a 1000 links to other neurons. The hillocks can mathematically store more combinations than there are stars in the sky. Each new digital combination could be adding a new relationship link. In this infinite store, specific axon hillocks could be storing all the symptom = disease (S=D) links known to the doctor as digital combinations.
Fourth, instant communication is possible in the nervous system. Within five steps, information in one hillock can reach all other relevant neurons. Just 20 Ms for global awareness. Within the instant the doctor observes a symptom, feedback and feed forward links could inform every S=D link of the presence of the symptom. Only the S=D link of Disease X could be recalling the combination and recognizing the symptom.
Fifth, on not recognizing the symptom, all other S=D hillocks could be instantly inhibiting their impulses. The S=D links of Disease X could be continuing to fire. Those firing S=D link would be recalling past complaints, treatments and signs of Disease X, confirming the diagnosis. This could be enabling axon hillocks to identify Disease X out of 8000 in milliseconds. Eliminating improbable (unrecognized) prospects to arrive at a possible (recognized in the past) solution powers the powerful inductive logic of the mind!
Worldwide interest in this website acknowledges its rationale. Not metaphysical theories, but processing of digital memories in axon hillocks could be explaining innumerable mysteries of the mind. Over three decades, this website has been assembling more and more evidence of the manipulation of emotional and physical behaviors by narrowly focused digital pattern recognition. It has also received over 2 million page views from over 150 countries.
Biocentrism –What Is The Biocentrism Theory?
Consciousness can be imagined as a mere component of the nervous system, a self willed attention mechanism. Lanza draws a
parallel between consciousness and the role of the observer in
quantum physics. Deepak Chopra suggests that Lanza's insights into
the nature of consciousness is “consistent with the ancient wisdom
that consciousness conceives, governs, and becomes a physical world.”
Lanza views consciousness as a mystic force.
founded on the notion that the cosmos is a mental construct, observed
by consciousness. Since the cosmos exists within the mind, a search
for it must originate from the biological world. Biocentrism
suggests that the proof that life and consciousness are at the source
of the cosmos lies in the low probability that 200 odd precise
physical parameters could randomly combine to make life itself
possible. By bringing the observer into the equation, biocentrism
will hopefully enable unification of the laws of the universe into a
Theory of Everything.
Biocentrism –Do 200
Physical Parameters Imply Proof?
Biocentrism stresses the pivotal
importance of life and consciousness, suggesting that it is
improbable that over 200 exact physical parameters necessary for life
could occur within the laws of physics, unless it was central to the
long sought Theory of Everything. Similar views have been
expressed in the Anthropic Principle. The strong Anthropic Principle
states that the Universe is compelled to evolve a conscious life,
since that is the only way it can be observed.
anthropic principle suggests that a universe, which was incapable of
supporting conscious life would merely go unobserved. According to
Douglas Adams, if a living puddle examines its own shape, the
universe may appear to fit it
perfectly, while the truth may be closer to the view that it fits the
universe perfectly. In fact, every element in the universe could
claim a pivotal role in a Theory of Everything,
since the laws of physics perfectly suits its existence.
Biocentrism – What Is The Role of The Observer?
the role of the observer in quantum mechanics (QM) nor the uncertainty
principle point to a role for human consciousness in producing a
Theory of Everything.
Scientists have clarified that in some QM experiments even a single
electron proved sufficient as an "observer," without the
need for a conscious "observer." The QM Observer concept merely points to
inaccuracies in scientific measurements of the environment.
the concept of measurement in QM, measurement causes a
discontinuous change into a non-quantum state, which ceases to
evolve. Alternately, for a particular wave function, a measurement
will yield a state of the quantum system of one of the many possible
values. Once measured, the current state stops it from being in one
of its other states. The type of measurement that we do on the system
affects the end state of the system. Another quantum state that
would decay if left alone, would not decay because of the process of
continuous observation. QM refers to the impact of measurement at
the quantum level.
Biocentrism – What Is The Uncertainty Principle?
Heisenberg's uncertainty principle
suggests that the precision in the simultaneous measurement of the
position and momentum of a particle at the same time – an increase
in the precision in measurement of one quantity reduces precision in
measurement of the other. Inaccuracies in measurement do not point
to a possibility that consciousness could be a mysterious observer,
who could alter or modify the universe it observes.
Biocentrism Is Experiential Consciousness Real?
But, Lanza suggests that consciousness was seen to be the
principal entity by Descartes, Kant, Leibniz, Berkeley, Schopenhauer,
and Bergson. Consciousness is the quality or state of being aware
of an external object or something within oneself. The state
includes subjectivity, awareness, sentience, the ability to
experience or to feel, wakefulness, having a sense of selfhood, and
the ability to make decisions.
Imagine that the subjective feelings of people come from the progressive integration of information by the brain. Increasing meaning can be derived from information as it flows from sensory perceptions to the final stages of evaluation. The primary areas of the cortex receive sensory information. This information proceeds to secondary areas, which coordinate binocular vision and stereophonic sound. That enables the brain to link three dimensional spaces to light, sound, smell and touch. This integrated information travels to the association regions, which enable the brain to recognize objects and events.
The consolidated information from all functional regions travels to the prefrontal brain. The nervous system is an extraordinary mechanical device, which generates sense perceptions - qualia. A process that makes sensory perceptions into subjectively recognized qualia is a physical and material phenomenon. Just like subjectivity, all the experiential competencies attributed to consciousness are carried out by the
Biocentrism – Does The Conscious Mind Decide?
may be the mystery concerning consciousness, there is experimental
evidence that it merely mirrors the pattern recognition activities of
the brain. Benjamin Libet studied subjects who voluntarily pressed a
button, while noting the position of a dot on a computer screen,
which shifted its position every 43 milliseconds. The noted moment of
depressing the button was the moment of conscious awareness; the
exact instant the subject thought the button was pressed.
Libet had also timed the beginning of motor neuron activity in the
brains of his subjects. He discovered that awareness occurred 350
milliseconds AFTER the beginning of motor activity. Clearly, the
decision to press the button had been made earlier by the nervous
system. The actual observer is merely a neural pattern recognition
entity, which evaluates sensory perceptions and makes a judgment.
Experimental evidence presents conscious awareness as just a mirror,
which reflects decisions made in a material network. If a ghost does exist within the system, it is inextricably tied to the material world.
– Does the Nervous System Observe, or Create?
the QM Observer concept and the Uncertainty principle suggest that
observation changes the measured object. There is evidence that
neural observation has virtually insignificant impact on the cosmos.
The human olfactory sense observes smells in the environment by
interacting with a few molecules in the air. About 50 million
primary sensory receptor cells in the two nasal cavities evaluate
these molecules to draw picture of the environment by distinguishing
between a practically infinite number of chemical compounds at very
The observation modifies those
molecules, which bind to receptor cells, causing further structural
changes occur within the cell. These changes generate action
potentials which send nerve impulses up through hierarchies of
analytical networks to finally identify the impact of an odor on the
objectives of the system. At the highest level of this
interpretation, the nervous system visualizes the cosmos and
consciousness receives that awareness. The observation of the cosmos
by the nervous system does not significantly alter it. The
suggestion that the final analysis received by consciousness is the
source of the cosmos is like suggesting that the Theory of Relativity
is the source of relativity. A search for a Theory
of Everything within
the concept of consciousness sounds far
Biocentrism – Is There A Ghost In The Machine?
Biocentrism seeks to explain
the universe from the innate position that consciousness has mystic
powers. It is perceived to be a ghost in the machine, which
interfaces with an imagined cosmic intelligence. But, consciousness
merely reflects the complex thoughts and perceptions of an ordinary
human brain. Science has clearly established the links between
conscious awareness and the patterns of firing by function specific
Pattern recognition systems within it interpret sensory
inputs to arrive at a complex understanding of the world.
Consciousness is a part of a physical mechanism, which has
intelligently interpreted the physical world. Consciousness
disappears, when the neurons die. To suggest that the interpretation
created the original is to suggest that a photograph created the
landscape. The mechanisms of photography may not provide a key to
understanding the landscape.
This page was last updated on 25-Sep-2019.